Published: March 18th, 2016
Categories: Cannabis Cultivation
A hermaphrodite cannabis plant produces both female flowers and male flowers. Like the male plants, it is important to identify them because in some cases, pollination of female flowers can totally mess up your cultivation by reducing the yield and quality of the final product.
Cannabis is a dioecious plant which means that the plants are either male or female. Hermaphroditism is often confused with monoecy. Hermaphrodite plants produce flowers with male and female organs while monoecious plants have separate male and female flowers (on the same plant and sometimes on the same branch). In everyday language, we call these two types of plants, hermaphrodites.
Hermaphroditism is caused by genetic and hermaphroditic characteristics can be transmitted with crosses. For example, historical Thai variety, very popular with consumers, was known for his hermaphrodite traits.
The hermaphrodite traits of an individual are already contained in the genes of the seed or cuttings that you will grow, but the stress can reveal it. Changes in photoperiod, too low or too high temperatures, excess or lack of watering or other environmental stressors can cause the appearance of male flowers on a female plant.
The male flowers are easily distinguished from females by their yellow color and bananas shape. The male flowers have five stamens. It is important to regularly inspect the plant on all sides. The small male flowers are sometimes hidden under leaves. The male flowers are easily detached from the plant because of the wind or fans. It is not uncommon to discover male flowers put on a bunch of female flowers. This means that pollination has already occurred. At the very end of flowering, there are often tiny male flowers inside the female buds, but they are most of time barren.
You must, of course get rid of male flowers to prevent them from pollinating the female flowers. If you only have a few male flowers on a female plant, you can simply cut them and closely monitor your plants in the coming weeks. You can spray some water on the male flowers to neutralize pollen. Then, you have to cut them with sterilized tweezers or small sterilized scissors. In many cases, only a single male flower appears during cultivation and the flowering normally ends.
But if you find a lot of male flowers on your plant and new flowers appear regularly, then you have to get rid of your hermaphrodite plant. Spray water on the plant and put it away from your grow space.
The male flowers on the hermaphrodites can pollinate the female flowers on the same plant or on the surrounding plants. Seeds from this pollination will not give male plants but keep the hermaphrodite traits. It is therefore not advisable to use these seeds for cannabis cultivation.