To put it very simply, cannabis must be heated up for the active compounds, like THC and CBD, to be able to pass the blood-brain barrier. Without this heat, and the chemical reaction that follows, it is not really possible to get high on cannabis – or at least, nowhere near to the level you would expect. That is why cannabis is smoked, vaporized or cooked – the process of heating it up causes decarboxylation to occur, even if you are not aware of it. Without heat, cannabinoids like THC and CBD remain in their acidic state, THCA and CBDA, which is of little interest to most people.
The thing is though, whilst decarboxylation always happens when smoking or vaporizing weed, it is not the case for cooking. If a cooking recipe never reaches high enough temperatures, then the marijuana within doesn’t fully activate. For this reason, it can be necessary to decarboxylate your cannabis before cooking with it – ensuring it will have the effect you are after. So here is how to do it!
Time in Kitchen: 1 hour
You will need:
1. Preheat your oven to 106 degrees Celsius. It may seem specific, but this is the optimal temperature for the timeframe.
2. Break up your bud or trim by hand and evenly distribute it across your baking tray.
3. Place your cannabis in the oven for 1 hour.
Note: Decarboxylating cannabis is an extremely smelly process. Your kitchen will likely smell of cannabis as it is cooking.
4. After 1 hour, remove your cannabis from the oven and allow it to cool.
It is possible to decarboxylate cannabis at higher temperatures in a quicker timeframe; however, doing so causes a large loss of terpenes, which are largely responsible for the flavour of your bud. It is also possible to lose some of the cannabinoid content of temperatures get too high. If you want to maintain the integrity of your cannabis, cooking at low temperatures for a longer period of time is the way to go.
Now that you have decarboxylated your cannabis, you all set to cook, without ever having to worry about low temperatures and activating your weed again.